Adhan: The call for Salah.
Adhkar: Plural of Dhikar/Zikr (remembrance of Allah)
Afaqi: Literally “outsider”, one who lives beyond the boundaries of a “Miqat”.
Afdal: More virtuous (more rewards)
Akhirah: Hereafter, the next world after death.
Ahkam: Laws, rules
Ahadith: Plural of Hadith
Ayyamut Tashriq: The period between the 9th and the 13th Dhul Hijjah.
Dam: Animal sacrifice as a penalty
Fard: A religious duty explicitly mentioned in the Qur’an or Sunnah. (Plural is Fara’id)
Hadith: Tradition – the recorded words, actions and sanctions of Rasulullah (peace be upon him).
Hajarul Aswad: The stone came from paradise and placed on the corner of Kabah.
Halq: Shaving head (Qasar: Clipping Head hair)
Hateem: The semi-circular area which is a part of the Ka’bah on the northern side.
Hamd o Thana: Glorifying and lauding Allah
Idtiba: Uncover right shoulder by passing through upper sheet of ihram from the right arm-pit.
Ifrad: A kind of Hajj when a person makes intention to perform only Hajj with umrah
Istighfar: Prayer to seek forgiveness
Istilam: To kiss Hajarul Aswad either actually or symbolically (flying kiss).
Istiqbal of Hajarul Aswad: To stand facing Black Stone facing.
I’tikaf: A retreat in a Masjid for worship and meditation.
Ja’iz: Permissible, allowed
Jama’ah: The congregation
Janabah: State of major pollution for which bath is necessary, defilement.
Jimar: (Plural is Jamrah)
Karahat: That which is Makruh, that is reprehensible
Kafir: An infidel
Makruh Tahrimi: Abominable, approximately towards unlawfulness
Masnoon: That which is approved by Sunnah
Mathurah: Handed down by Hadith
Mataf: The place where Tawaf is performed
Mawalat: Uninterrupted succession
Mawaqit: Plural of Miqat
Miqat: A boundary, beyond which no Muslim can go towards Makkah, without being in the state of Ihram.
Mubah: Being attended neither with praise nor blame
Mufrid: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Ifrad
Muhrim: The pilgrim in the state of Ihram
Muqim: A resident
Muqtadi: A person who follows the Imam in Salah
Mustahabb: Commendable, desirable, preferable
Mutamatti: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Tamattu
Nafl: Supererogatory Niyyah: Intention
Qada: The missed or deliberately omitted act of worship
Qarin: A pilgrim who performs Hajjul Qiran
Qasr: To clip hair
Qasr: To shortened Fard Salah by a traveler
Qiran: To perform Hajj and Umrah in one Ihram
Qiyam: To remain standing
Qurbani: Sacrifice of a goat, sheep or 1/7th of a camel or cow Qurra: Plural of
Ramal: To Brisk walk with jerking of shoulders
Rukn: Essential element
Rawdah: Garden; metaphorically the Sacred Chamber, where Rasulullah (peace be upon him) resting.
Salat Alan Nabiyye: (Durud Sharif) To send blessings and salutations on Rasulullah (peace be upon him)
Satr: The portion of body that must be covered, i.e., from naval to the knees for men.
Shari’ah: Islamic law
Sunnah: What Rasulullah (peace be upon him) has commended; in accordance with the practice of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). Sunnah is Plural
Sunnatul Mu’akkadah: A compulsory Sunnah, a Sunnah on which special emphasis has been laid by the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) or his companions or which has been in constant practice of the Muslims as a body.
Tahiyyatul Masjid: Literally “Greeting to the Mosque”. Two Rak’at Nafl Salah which may be offered on entering into a Masjid. But this Salah need not be offered on entering Masjidul Haraam, for its Tahiyyah is a Tawaf.
Tahlil: To say “La Ilaha Illallah”. It is better to add Muhammadur Rasulullah (peace be upon him)
Takbir: To say “Allahu Akbar” | Takbirat is Plural
Tasbih: Glorifying Allah SWT example; saying “Subhanallah”.
Taubah: Return to Allah with repentance
Tamattu: To combine Hajj and Umrah
Thana: Praise of Allah
Wajib: Obligatory in the second degree, an act omitting of which is not allowed, binding.
Wajibat: Plural of Wajib
Wuquf: Literally means “To Stop, To Stay”
Zawal: Exact declining of sun